1. Your identification and selection of the property.
2. Submission of the legal documents.
3. Legal and technical clearance of the property
4. Investment of your contribution towards the property
2. Land Loans
3. Home Equity Loans
4. Office Premises Loans
All of these are available on an adjustable rate or a fixed rate.
Going back to our earlier example:
1. Taxable income of Rs 4 lakh
2. Taxable income stands reduced to Rs 2.5 lakh
3. Tax before rebate and surcharge: Rs 49,000 (no surcharge is computed as surcharge is applicable on tax payable after allowing for rebate under Section 88)
4. Rebate of Rs 4,000 (20% of Rs 20,000 being principal repayment)
5. Tax less rebate of Rs 4,000 + surcharge @ 2%= Rs 45,900
6. Tax saved = Rs 49,900 (Rs 45,900 as shown above plus rebate of Rs 4,000).
This is now a substantial amount. It started off with the Income Tax Department offering Rs 15,000 as the maximum amount eligible for deduction in the case of self-occupied property. This later got doubled to Rs 30,000. It did not stop there. After getting enhanced to Rs 75,000, it was then taken to a limit of Rs 1 lakh. Presently, the limit stands elevated to Rs 1.5 lakh.
So, should you borrow money to acquire, construct, repair, renew or reconstruct property on or after April 1, 1999, you get a deduction of up to Rs 1.5 lakh. The criteria being: the property has to be acquired or constructed by March 31, 2003 and be self-occupied.
When put in figures, this is quite an amount:
1. Assume taxable income of Rs 4 lakh, placing the assessee in the highest tax bracket.
2. Assume interest payment during the first financial year is Rs 1.60 lakh
3. Taxable income stands reduced to Rs 2.5 lakh (Rs 4 lakh – Rs 1.5 lakh being the maximum limit)
4. Total tax amounts to Rs 49,980 (tax of Rs 49,000 + surcharge of Rs 980)
5. Tax saved is Rs 45,900 (tax @30% on Rs 1.5 lakh plus 2% surcharge as the investor is in the highest tax bracket)